MUMBAI: September 2nd is a noteworthy date in the Mumbai Police calendar. This was when, at the height of the freedom movement, the townspeople placed a statue of a retired European police officer by voluntarily raising money – a testament to Sir Patrick Kelly's portrait in the public consciousness.
The city faced sudden communal riots on February 5, 1929, fueled by child-rearing rumors. In an unprecedented incident in the city's historical past of police pressure, a group of pathans attack the commissioner's workplace. Throughout this altercation, a policeman was thrown to the bottom and assaulted, reportedly, for defaulting on loans taken from the Pathan.
Such borrowings were widespread among the policemen, in the absence of a strong formal system of banking and credit. So, when the constable was confused, many of his colleagues held back, perhaps not enthusiastic about getting into the unhealthy books of the Bataan family.
He listened to the commotion at his workplace and after he was made aware of this by his organization, Patrick Kelly, the police commissioner, rushed from his workplace on the first floor. He protected him with his personal body, and his uniform was splattered with the patient's blood in the meantime. Motivated by the heroism of their boss, others joined in and drove out the attackers.
Acts like this earned Kelly, who retired on September 1, 1933, the respect of his masculinity and delight in the Mumbai police records. The citizens of Mumbai contributed to the construction of his marble statue. Unveiled by then Mayor Advocate Jamnadas Madhavji Mehta outside the commissioner's place of business in Crawford Market on September 2, 1936. November 1902. Through his posts at Nashik, Khandesh, Kathiawad, Thane, Solapur and Mumbai, he earned the reputation of an environmentally friendly and upright officer . He was appointed Commissioner of Police in Mumbai on 1 June 1922, marking the beginning of a historic mission. “An unforgettable period in the historical past of Mumbai City Police has begun,” wrote Arvind Patwardhan, a retired Deputy Police Commissioner (DCP) and former editor-in-chief of Dakshata in his book Mi Mumbai Police.
He cracked down on Pathan money-lenders and various anti-socials. Many wealthy people were employed as rent collectors and guards, to stop burglaries or burglaries by fellow Pathans. It was additionally used to disrupt strikes by workers in a textile mill in Maharashtra, who were at the forefront of the labor movement.
Kelly, who was fluent in Marathi and Pashto, started the “Pathan Division” and used a police inspector specifically assigned from the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) to get rid of the troublemakers. Many of them fled the city after this campaign.
Against this background, another sinister doctrine was put forward at the time regarding the assault on the Commissioner – perhaps the supposed target was Kelly himself!
“The Pathan had an incredible grudge towards Kelly for taking a strong move towards them. They came to assault him,” said Deepak Rao, Mumbai Police Historian. Kelly stood up like them. They ran away because of his personality.”
“The Mumbai Police has been modernizing throughout Kelly's tenure. The Site Visitor Management Department (1924) has begun and removed the Mounted Police (1932) and has arranged the motoring part,” Rao stated. He added that sectarian violence and labor unrest had been rampant in the years since 1920, and Kelly devised a “riot scheme” for police stations to deal with these problems. Additionally, he was instrumental in establishing police membership.
The upright officer commanded national consideration in the Abdelkader Paola case. On January 12, 1925, 25-year-old Paula, founder and grandson of philanthropist Haji Sabu Siddik, was mortally wounded on Malabar Hill while on a trek with his companion Mumtaz Begum.
One of the many armed assailants, who was later discovered as Risaldar within the Mounted Police of Indore State, was captured by 4 British military officers who chanced upon the scene and heroically prevented the kidnapping of Mumtaz Begum. Under Kelly's supervision, the case was investigated by the Bombay Police staff under the supervision of E.L. Cauty, Deputy Commissioner in charge of the Crime Division; This resulted in a few of them being given life sentences and 4 life sentences. He was a major milestone in the historical past of the Bombay Police.
Very decisively, this led to the abdication of Maharaja Tukujirao Holkar III of Indore, and split modern society on the basis of points such as the relationship between colonial rulers and princely states, caste, while involving males such as MA Jinnah and 'Prabudhankar' Keshav Sitharam Thackeray. Mumtaz, who later left India to struggle her luck in Hollywood, was inside the Maharaja's harem before joining Paula in Mumbai.
“The colonial authorities needed the police to beat Holkar. However, Kelly threatened to resign more than to settle. His reputation for the Greater Bombay Presidency unfolded and thus the federal government had to fall again,” famous Ruhidas Dosar, retired Deputy Police Commissioner (DCP), and historian of the Mumbai and Maharashtra police historical past.
Kelly started the patrol system evening in 1926 within the jurisdiction of all police stations to arrest thieves, Patwardhan stated. It is an observation that continues even now.
He was knighted on January 1, 1930. Kelly had the second longest term (11 years) as president to the City Police after Chief Commissioner of Police Sir Frank Sutter (24 years from 1864 to 1888) He was awarded the Police Medal twice (1921 and 1931) for exemplary service.
in October 1933, when Sir Kelly sailed for England From Apollo Bender, and lakhs said goodbye to him in tears, Dausar wrote.In his tenure, the number of recorded crimes decreased from 11,348 in 1922 to 7,493 when he left the workplace.
Mumbaikars designed to erect Kelly's statue as a monument in Mayor Moreshwar Javale then took the lead and took a tour ₹ 13,500. The statue was unveiled on September 2, 1936, inside Crawford Bow Market Square Mehta mode.
The statue is now inside the Police Museum. Kelly, who was handed over in 1966, continued his association with the Mumbai police. He would ship a New Year's greeting card to his successors annually.